The New York Botanical Garden is located in 170 Central Park W
New York, NY 10024. Tel:
(212) 873-3400. Opens Tue-Thu,Sat 10am-6pm; Fri 10am-8pm; Sun 11am-5:45pm.
was established by an Act of the Legislature of the State of New York, passed in 1891 and amended in 1894, "for the purpose of establishing and maintaining a Botanical Garden and Museum and Arboretum therein, for the collection and culture of plants, flowers, shrubs and trees, the advancement of botanical science and knowledge, and the prosecution of original researches therein and in kindred subjects, for affording instruction in the same, for the prosecution and exhibition of ornamental and decorative horticulture and gardening and for the entertainment, recreation and instruction of the people."
Pursuant to its Charter from the State of New York, the New York Botanical Garden is controlled by a corporation, from which managers are elected, and these, together with city officials and ex-officio scientific representatives of Columbia University and the President of the Torrey Botanical Club, constitute the Board of Managers. Except for the maintenance of driveways, which is referred to the Park Department, the control of the institution by this Board of Managers is exclusive.
The New York Botanical Garden, situated in the northern end of Bronx Park New York City, includes about 400 acres, embracing varied landscape of great natural beauty.
It may be reached in the following ways:
By the Harlem Division of the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad to Botanical Garden station.
By the Third Avenue Elevated Railway to the termini station of that road in Bronx Park. This station is at the southwest entrance to the Garden.
By the subway: Take train marked "180th St., Bronx Park" and transfer at 149th Street to a Third Avenue elevated train, thence to Bronx Park terminal station.
By trolley car on Webster Avenue to 200th Street or the Woodlawn Road. This line connects with lines from the western part of the Bronx on Fordham Road and on Tremont Avenue and also with the line to Yonkers.
By trolley line of the White Plains road east of Bronx Park from West Farms, Williamsbridge and Mount Vernon connecting with lines from the eastern part of the Bronx at West Farms and at Mount Vernon.
By driveways in Mosholu Parkway from Van Cortlandt Park; from Pelham Bay Park through Pelham Parkway; through the Crotona Parkway and Southern Boulevard from Crotona Park. There are also driveway entrances at 200th Street, convenient for those coming from Jerome Avenue; at Newell Avenue at the northern end of the Gar-den for those coming from the north; at Allerton Avenue on the eastern side of the Garden for those coming from the east, and at Woodlawn Road convenient for those coming from Yonkers and other points west and northwest of the Garden.
"Come forth into the light of things; Let nature be your teacher." Wordsworth.
The Botanical Garden includes:
1. The Largest Conservatories on the American continent for the cultivation of plants of tropical regions: one located near the entrance at the elevated railway station, and one near the Allerton Avenue entrance on the eastern side of the New York Botanical Garden.
2. The largest Botanical Museum in the world, located near the Botanical Garden station of the New York Central Railroad and the Mosholu Parkway entrance. This building includes, besides the Museum Collections, a large Lecture Hall in the basement, for public lectures, and, on the upper floor, the Library, Laboratories for instruction and research and the Herbarium.
3. The Pinetum, or collection of cone-bearing trees, mostly evergreens, located on the hills and slopes on all sides of the Conservatory (Range No. 1) and in the space between this structure and the Museum Building.
4. The Herbaceous Grounds, situated in a valley east of the Conservatory (Range No. 1) near the Southern Boulevard entrance, containing collections of hardy herbaceous plants arranged according to botanical relationship, a collection arranged to demonstrate the principles of elementary botany, and the Economic Garden, a plantation de-signed to illustrate hardy plants whose products are directly useful to man.
5. The Fruticetum, or collection of hardy shrubs, located on the plain northeast of the Museum Building at the Woodlawn Road entrance and extending northward into the North Meadows. This collection also is arranged according to botanical relationship.
6. The Deciduous Arboretum, or collection of trees which lose their leaves in the autumn, located along the entire eastern side of the grounds from south to north.
7. The Hemlock Grove, clothing the hills between the Museum Building and the Bronx River and covering about forty acres, considerable portions of it being primeval. This is a natural feature of great interest, unique within the limits of a city.
8. The Gorge of the Bronx River extending south from the waterfall at the Lorillard Mansion along the edge of the Hemlock Grove nearly to the southern boundary of the Garden.
9. The North Meadows and River Woods along the Bronx River from the northern end of the Hemlock Grove to the northern end of the Garden.
10. The Lorillard Mansion, which contains the Boari Rooms, the Office of the Horticultural Society of New York and the Museum of the Bronx Society of Arts an. Sciences. On exhibition there are rare maps and print of early New York lent by J. Clarence Davies, relics o the Indians of this section and of the early colonists, any a loan exhibit of paintings and sculpture from the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
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