CENTRAL PARK extends from 59th street north to troth street, and from Fifth avenue west to Eighth avenue. It is two and one-half miles long and one-half mile wide. The area comprises 879 acres of diversified woodland, meadow, lawn, lakes and ponds; and the Park ranks as one of the most beautiful pleasure grounds in the world. There are 9 miles of carriage roads, miles of bridle paths and 28 miles of walks.
The Central Park is reached by the Fifth avenue stages, Madison, Sixth and Eighth avenue and Broadway cars, the Sixth avenue elevated and the Subway to Columbus Circle. The principal entrance is the Scholar's Gate at Fifth avenue and 59th street. This is the beginning of the main drive through the Park.
The several entrances are:
Fifth Avenue—59th, 64th, 67th, 72d, 79th, 85th, 9oth, 96th, 'old and Moth streets. Sixth Avenue—59th and '10th streets. Seventh Avenue—59th and 'loth streets. Eighth Avenue (Central Park West)—59th, 72d, 79th, 85th, 96th, moth, I05th and 'l0th streets.
For a carriage tour of the Central Park one may enter by the Scholar's Gate and follow the main East Drive to the Marble Archway at the Mall, then the West Drive, with the Baseball Ground on the left and the Mall on the right, to the Terrace; thence past the Webster Statue on the West Drive to 79th street. Thence past the upper Croton Reservoir and the lawn tennis field to McGowan's Pass* and Mt. St. Vincent, and then turning south follow the East Drive to the Obelisk and Museum of Art; thence to the Fifth avenue gate at 79th street, and along the East Drive, having Fifth avenue on the left, and giving glimpses of the Conservatory Water, where the boys sail miniature yachts, and of Ward's fine statue of "The Pilgrim," a gift from the New England Society to commemorate the landing of the Pilgrims in 162o. This brings one back to the Terrace Bridge, and from here the route is to the Scholar's Gate.
A plan which will give a comprehensive seeing of the Park is to go over the carriage course as above to the Museum of Art, and then to complete the trip on foot, from the Museum visiting the upper Reservoir near by, then the Obelisk, Belvedere, Ramble, Lake, Terrace and Mall.
ENTERING BY THE 59TH STREET GATE at Fifth, Sixth, Seventh or Eighth avenues, and following the main walk toward the center of the Park, we come shortly to the MALL, which is the central place of concourse in the Park, a broad promenade flanked by green lawns and arched by double.
The rocky defile of McGowan's Pass, named after a farmer who lived nearby, is associated with an incident of the Revolution. On Sept. 15, 1776, stragglers of the American troops passed through the Pass in their retreat to Harlem. The British in pursuit here met a patriot lad, Andrew McGowan, and pressed him into service to show the way the Americans had gone. He led the troopers a devious course over a wrong road, and thus by his ready wit gave the Americans time to escape. Mount St. Vincent was so called because St. Vincent's Convent stood here before the property was acquired for Central Park purpose.